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Stephen Hawking's Biography

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Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, the son of a research biologist in tropical diseases.

After leaving St Albans school, he graduated from University College, Oxford University and then gained a PhD from Cambridge University.

In 1963 Stephen Hawking contracted amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a form of progressive neuromotor disease. As a result he speaks and writes via an electronic interface.

In 1980 he followed in the footsteps of Isaac Newton when he was appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, and went on to become Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge.

The theory of black holes owes much to Hawking's work. Hawking has demonstrated that black holes can evaporate through loss of thermal radiation and predicted mass can escape from its gravitational pull in what became known as the Hawking process.

His books include the best-selling A Brief History of Time.

Stephen Hawking was awarded the CBE in 1982, and was made a Companion of Honour in 1989.

In 2013, he published the autobiographical My Brief History.

In 2016, he hosted a TV programme Genius by Stephen Hawking.

Stephen Hawking died on 14 March 2018, aged 76.

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